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Explore the source code of the class ReflectiveTypeAdapterFactory.java


/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011 Google Inc.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package com.google.gson.internal.bind;

import com.google.gson.FieldNamingStrategy;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.JsonSyntaxException;
import com.google.gson.TypeAdapter;
import com.google.gson.TypeAdapterFactory;
import com.google.gson.annotations.JsonAdapter;
import com.google.gson.annotations.SerializedName;
import com.google.gson.internal.$Gson$Types;
import com.google.gson.internal.ConstructorConstructor;
import com.google.gson.internal.Excluder;
import com.google.gson.internal.ObjectConstructor;
import com.google.gson.internal.Primitives;
import com.google.gson.reflect.TypeToken;
import com.google.gson.stream.JsonReader;
import com.google.gson.stream.JsonToken;
import com.google.gson.stream.JsonWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Type;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

/**
 * Type adapter that reflects over the fields and methods of a class.
 */
public final class ReflectiveTypeAdapterFactory implements TypeAdapterFactory {
  private final ConstructorConstructor constructorConstructor;
  private final FieldNamingStrategy fieldNamingPolicy;
  private final Excluder excluder;
  private final JsonAdapterAnnotationTypeAdapterFactory jsonAdapterFactory;

  public ReflectiveTypeAdapterFactory(ConstructorConstructor constructorConstructor,
      FieldNamingStrategy fieldNamingPolicy, Excluder excluder,
      JsonAdapterAnnotationTypeAdapterFactory jsonAdapterFactory) {
    this.constructorConstructor = constructorConstructor;
    this.fieldNamingPolicy = fieldNamingPolicy;
    this.excluder = excluder;
    this.jsonAdapterFactory = jsonAdapterFactory;
  }

  public boolean excludeField(Field f, boolean serialize) {
    return excludeField(f, serialize, excluder);
  }

  static boolean excludeField(Field f, boolean serialize, Excluder excluder) {
    return !excluder.excludeClass(f.getType(), serialize) && !excluder.excludeField(f, serialize);
  }

  /** first element holds the default name */
  private List getFieldNames(Field f) {
    SerializedName annotation = f.getAnnotation(SerializedName.class);
    if (annotation == null) {
      String name = fieldNamingPolicy.translateName(f);
      return Collections.singletonList(name);
    }

    String serializedName = annotation.value();
    String[] alternates = annotation.alternate();
    if (alternates.length == 0) {
      return Collections.singletonList(serializedName);
    }

    List fieldNames = new ArrayList(alternates.length + 1);
    fieldNames.add(serializedName);
    for (String alternate : alternates) {
      fieldNames.add(alternate);
    }
    return fieldNames;
  }

  @Override public  TypeAdapter create(Gson gson, final TypeToken type) {
    Class raw = type.getRawType();

    if (!Object.class.isAssignableFrom(raw)) {
      return null; // it's a primitive!
    }

    ObjectConstructor constructor = constructorConstructor.get(type);
    return new Adapter(constructor, getBoundFields(gson, type, raw));
  }

  private ReflectiveTypeAdapterFactory.BoundField createBoundField(
      final Gson context, final Field field, final String name,
      final TypeToken fieldType, boolean serialize, boolean deserialize) {
    final boolean isPrimitive = Primitives.isPrimitive(fieldType.getRawType());
    // special casing primitives here saves ~5% on Android...
    JsonAdapter annotation = field.getAnnotation(JsonAdapter.class);
    TypeAdapter mapped = null;
    if (annotation != null) {
      mapped = jsonAdapterFactory.getTypeAdapter(
          constructorConstructor, context, fieldType, annotation);
    }
    final boolean jsonAdapterPresent = mapped != null;
    if (mapped == null) mapped = context.getAdapter(fieldType);

    final TypeAdapter typeAdapter = mapped;
    return new ReflectiveTypeAdapterFactory.BoundField(name, serialize, deserialize) {
      @SuppressWarnings({"unchecked", "rawtypes"}) // the type adapter and field type always agree
      @Override void write(JsonWriter writer, Object value)
          throws IOException, IllegalAccessException {
        Object fieldValue = field.get(value);
        TypeAdapter t = jsonAdapterPresent ? typeAdapter
            : new TypeAdapterRuntimeTypeWrapper(context, typeAdapter, fieldType.getType());
        t.write(writer, fieldValue);
      }
      @Override void read(JsonReader reader, Object value)
          throws IOException, IllegalAccessException {
        Object fieldValue = typeAdapter.read(reader);
        if (fieldValue != null || !isPrimitive) {
          field.set(value, fieldValue);
        }
      }
      @Override public boolean writeField(Object value) throws IOException, IllegalAccessException {
        if (!serialized) return false;
        Object fieldValue = field.get(value);
        return fieldValue != value; // avoid recursion for example for Throwable.cause
      }
    };
  }

  private Map getBoundFields(Gson context, TypeToken type, Class raw) {
    Map result = new LinkedHashMap();
    if (raw.isInterface()) {
      return result;
    }

    Type declaredType = type.getType();
    while (raw != Object.class) {
      Field[] fields = raw.getDeclaredFields();
      for (Field field : fields) {
        boolean serialize = excludeField(field, true);
        boolean deserialize = excludeField(field, false);
        if (!serialize && !deserialize) {
          continue;
        }
        field.setAccessible(true);
        Type fieldType = $Gson$Types.resolve(type.getType(), raw, field.getGenericType());
        List fieldNames = getFieldNames(field);
        BoundField previous = null;
        for (int i = 0; i < fieldNames.size(); ++i) {
          String name = fieldNames.get(i);
          if (i != 0) serialize = false; // only serialize the default name
          BoundField boundField = createBoundField(context, field, name,
              TypeToken.get(fieldType), serialize, deserialize);
          BoundField replaced = result.put(name, boundField);
          if (previous == null) previous = replaced;
        }
        if (previous != null) {
          throw new IllegalArgumentException(declaredType
              + " declares multiple JSON fields named " + previous.name);
        }
      }
      type = TypeToken.get($Gson$Types.resolve(type.getType(), raw, raw.getGenericSuperclass()));
      raw = type.getRawType();
    }
    return result;
  }

  static abstract class BoundField {
    final String name;
    final boolean serialized;
    final boolean deserialized;

    protected BoundField(String name, boolean serialized, boolean deserialized) {
      this.name = name;
      this.serialized = serialized;
      this.deserialized = deserialized;
    }
    abstract boolean writeField(Object value) throws IOException, IllegalAccessException;
    abstract void write(JsonWriter writer, Object value) throws IOException, IllegalAccessException;
    abstract void read(JsonReader reader, Object value) throws IOException, IllegalAccessException;
  }

  public static final class Adapter extends TypeAdapter {
    private final ObjectConstructor constructor;
    private final Map boundFields;

    Adapter(ObjectConstructor constructor, Map boundFields) {
      this.constructor = constructor;
      this.boundFields = boundFields;
    }

    @Override public T read(JsonReader in) throws IOException {
      if (in.peek() == JsonToken.NULL) {
        in.nextNull();
        return null;
      }

      T instance = constructor.construct();

      try {
        in.beginObject();
        while (in.hasNext()) {
          String name = in.nextName();
          BoundField field = boundFields.get(name);
          if (field == null || !field.deserialized) {
            in.skipValue();
          } else {
            field.read(in, instance);
          }
        }
      } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
        throw new JsonSyntaxException(e);
      } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
        throw new AssertionError(e);
      }
      in.endObject();
      return instance;
    }

    @Override public void write(JsonWriter out, T value) throws IOException {
      if (value == null) {
        out.nullValue();
        return;
      }

      out.beginObject();
      try {
        for (BoundField boundField : boundFields.values()) {
          if (boundField.writeField(value)) {
            out.name(boundField.name);
            boundField.write(out, value);
          }
        }
      } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
        throw new AssertionError(e);
      }
      out.endObject();
    }
  }
}